Biography of a leader: Peter Lougheed 1928 - 2012
The Honourable E. Peter Lougheed
Edgar Peter Lougheed was a born and raised Calgarians and one of the most prolific provincial politicians of our time.
Lougheed was born on July 26, 1928, in Calgary to Edgar D. Lougheed and Edna A. Bauld.
The grandson of SenatorSir James A. Lougheed, politics and public service were his destiny.
As a boy, Lougheed attended the Strathcona School for Boys and the Earl Grey and Rideau Park Public Schools in Calgary and went on to complete his secondary education at Central Collegiate Institute.
Lougheed received a Bachelor of Arts degree and a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Alberta in 1951 and 1952 respectively.
He was a sports enthusiast and played football for the University of Alberta Golden Bears Intercollegiate Football Club and the Edmonton Eskimos.
He continued to strive for a higher education and received a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard University in 1954.
Lougheed married Jeanne E. Rogers of Camrose on June 21, 1952 and together they had four children; Stephen, Andrea, Pamela, and Joseph.
In 1955, Lougheed was called to the Alberta Bar and began to practice law with the Calgary firm, Fenerty, Fenerty, McGillivray, Prowse, and Brennan.
He became general counsel to the prominent construction firm Mannix Corporation in 1956 where he stayed until 1962.
That year, he founded his own practice and launched the partnership of Lougheed, Ballem and McDill.
His foray into the political arena began in 1965 when he was elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Alberta.
Lougheed was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta in 1967 to represent Calgary West and served as Leader of the Official Opposition from 1967 to 1971.
In 1971, Lougheed was re-elected in his riding and the Alberta PC Party won the majority. His party won 49 of 75 seats and dethroned the Social Credit administration that had been in power in Alberta for over 35 years.
It was the first time that Albertans had elected a Progressive Conservative government and that would be the start of a trend that would continue for many years to come.
E. Peter Lougheed was appointed Premier of Alberta by Lieutenant Governor J. W. Grant MacEwan on September 10, 1971 and served as Premier for the next 14 years.
While he was Premier, Peter Lougheed made his mark on the political landscape of this country.
He took control of Alberta's natural resources and their development, worked to improve health care research and facilities throughout the province, and established the Alberta Heritage Savings Trust Fund in 1976. He was an advocate for small town and rural Alberta and was instrumental in the creation of the Alberta Bill of Rights.
The Honourable E. Peter Lougheed resigned as Premier of Alberta and MLA for Calgary West on February 28, 1986 and returned to the private sector.
He was appointed as a member of the Privy Council of Canada in 1982 by Her Majesty The Queen and in 1987, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada.
In his later years, he was a partner in the Calgary law firm of Bennett Jones LLP and served on numerous Boards of Directors.
E. Peter Lougheed will be remembered by the many endowments, parks and facilities that bear his name:
- The Peter Lougheed Multicultural Village
- PeterLougheed Provincial Park
- The University of Alberta School of Business Peter Lougheed Scholarships
- Jeanne and Peter Lougheed Building at the Banff Centre
- The Peter Lougheed Centre in Calgary
A number of honours and awards have been bestowed on Lougheed over the years:
- Queen’s Counsel (1971)
- Honourary chief (“Thunderbird”) of the Cree Indians (1971)
- Honourary chief ("Crop Eared Wolf") of the Blood Indians (1974)
- Queen’s Privy Council for Canada (1982)
- Honourary Doctor of Laws, St. Francis Xavier University (1983)
- Shevchenko Memorial Medal (1985)
- Honourary Doctor of Laws, University of Alberta (1986)
- Honourary Doctor of Laws, University of Calgary (1986)
- Award of Merit, B’nai B’rith Canada (1987)
- Companion of the Order of Canada (1987)
- Legal Humanitarian of the Year Award (1987)
- Sports Wall of Fame, University of Alberta (1987)
- Honorary chairman of the XV Olympic Games Organizing Committee
Honourary Doctor of Laws from the following universities
- Universityof Lethbridge(1988)
- Universityof Windsor(1988)
- Queen’s University (1996)
- Universityof Toronto(1996)
- Honourary Bachelor of Applied Technology degree by SAIT
- Honourary Bachelor of Applied Policy Studies degree from Calgary’s Mount Royal College in 2001.
The Honourable E. Peter Lougheed is survived by his wife Jeanne and their four children.